Cancer survival rates released for 188 hospitals in Japan

A colonoscopy can detect colon cancer early.         
                                     CBS News

A colonoscopy can detect colon cancer early. CBS News

"The unknown mechanism behind the increase in colorectal cancer in whites makes it that much more concerning".

The American Cancer Society said young adults are dying from colon and rectal cancers at an increasing rate.

"What's disturbing is that colon cancer is detectable and curable when detected early", said Dr. Darrell Gray, of the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center.

This may help explain why women generally have higher levels of empathy and self-control but are also at higher risk of brain disorders like depression, anxiety, and Alzheimer's disease. While the study didn't focus on individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish descent, The Norton & Elaine Sarnoff Center for Jewish Genetics claimed that "Ashkenazi Jews have higher rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) than any other ethnic group". The increase was confined to white individuals, among whom mortality rates increased by 1.4 percent per year, from 3.6 in 2004 to 4.1 in 2014.

The study's discovery is only seen in Caucasian individuals between ages 20 to 29, which puzzled researchers because African Americans are more prone to developing colon cancer.

Whites in their 40s saw deaths from colon cancer jump nearly 2 percent annually from 2005 to 2014. They observed that between 1970 and 2004, the mortality rate has declined from 6.3 to 3.9 per 100 000.

They have also been surprised by the progression of the mortality by colorectal cancer in the over 50 years since its screening is recommended for decades from this age. The analysis included more than 242,000 people who died from colorectal cancer during this time. But it should create "a sense of urgency and responsibility not to ignore signs that might indicate colon cancer".

Death rates from colon cancer had been falling for decades but now that trend is reversing.

In contrast, colorectal cancer mortality rates in blacks decreased over the entire study period among those aged 20 to 49 years and since 1993 in those aged 50 to 54 years.

"Delayed initiation of screening is likely behind these lower rates, as well as other barriers like insurance coverage, which is lower in ages 50 to 54 years than older adults because of the universal coverage offered by Medicare beginning at 65 years", Siegel said.

"We're learning more and more all the time about how important the balance of the microbiome is, particularly in the colon and how that relates to health", Siegal said.

In the meantime, she emphasizes that while the overall risk of colorectal cancer in young and middle aged adults is still very small, there are preventive steps doctors and patients can take to protect themselves.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer include pain in the abdomen, bloody stool, constipation, weight loss, and change in bowel patterns.

"I've never even considered colon cancer as a thing, I thought old men get that", Biskin-Sitko said.

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