Hurricane Katia slams into Mexico's Veracruz state

NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite captured this night-time image of Hurricane Irma over the Leeward Islands on Sept. 6 at 1:35 a.m. EDT. Credits NOAA  NASA Goddard Rapid Response Team

NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite captured this night-time image of Hurricane Irma over the Leeward Islands on Sept. 6 at 1:35 a.m. EDT. Credits NOAA NASA Goddard Rapid Response Team

"In recent years, so that the surface temperatures of the oceans have reached record levels, we have seen hurricanes more intense, measured by the speed of the winds in the northern and southern hemispheres, the Pacific and now in the Atlantic with Irma", he explained in an email to AFP.

The full hurricane season lasts from June 1 to November 30.

Now, Irma is hammering a string of northeast Caribbean islands and making its way toward a possible hit on Florida over the weekend. A tropical storm watch has also been issued for Anguilla, Montserrat, St. Kitts, Nevis, Saba, and St. Eustatius. High shear disrupts wind circulation by tilting the storm and breaking it up, he added. The last time this occurred was in 2010 with Hurricanes Igor, Julia and Karl.

Forecasters said last month the Atlantic hurricane season would be "above-normal", with 14 to 19 named storms ahead of the peak season.

The training rare, blow on blow, in the Atlantic ocean, four hurricanes of great power who spread death and devastation, has intensified the scientific debate on the strength and frequency of these extreme weather events. The average risk is 52%.

Katia formed as a tropical storm in the Gulf of Mexico early Wednesday morning, then reached hurricane status by the late afternoon with sustained winds of 75 miles per hour.

But that's hard to measure, Klotzbach said.

For Gabriel Vecchi, professor of geosciences at Princeton University's Environmental Institute, the surge in cyclones is evidence of an "active era" for storms in the Atlantic since the mid 1990s, even if not every year saw strong storms. My response: "Finish preparing for the storm and then get out as fast as you can".

Warmer water could be a key ingredient for a hurricane, but in these case, the water may have warmed regardless of climate change, he said.

It is common for major storms to hit back to back, but to have more than one hit the USA in one hurricane season is rare, according to CBS.

Katia weakened rapidly after hitting the land on Friday night, although Veracruz Governor Miguel Angel Yunes said the storm had left some 70,000 people without electricity and caused damage in 53 of the Gulf state's 212 municipalities.

A hurricane warning is out for the state of Veracruz, which is predicted to receive 5 to 10 inches of rain.

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