United Nations says 313000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh

Rohingya crisis Rohingya Myanmar UN UNSC Rohingya Myanmar Rakhine, Rohingya news

Rohingya crisis Rohingya Myanmar UN UNSC Rohingya Myanmar Rakhine, Rohingya news

On Monday UN human rights chief Zeid Raad al-Hussein called it "a textbook example of ethnic cleansing".

The Organisation Of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) on Sunday condemned the Myanmar government for the "systematic brutal acts" against the Rohingya Muslims minority and called upon the government to allow the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council's fact finding mission to probe into all alleged violations of global human rights law and to bring the perpetrators to justice.

United Nations diplomats have said China has been resisting involvement by the top United Nations council in addressing the crisis.

Pressure mounted on Myanmar on Tuesday to end violence that has sent more than 300,000 Muslims fleeing to Bangladesh, with the United States calling for the protection of civilians and Bangladesh seeking global help to handle the crisis.

Yesterday, the estimate of refugee arrivals reportedly reached 3,13,000, an increase of 19,000 in just 24 hours.

In response to that attack, the United Nations says Myanmar's military has struck back "without regard for basic principles of global law" targeting civilians, not just militants.

"We have received multiple reports and satellite imagery of security forces and local militia burning Rohingya villages, and consistent accounts of extrajudicial killings, including shooting fleeing civilians", Zeid said. However, authorities are placing landmines along the border.

Most Rohingya refugees are fleeing into Bangladesh, which suffers from flooding and scarce resources.

Bangladesh also felt that India's support to Myanmar had given its security agencies an upper hand and hence it was dealing with the Rohingyas in the most brutal fashion.

The meeting also welcomed the recommendations of the Rakhine advisory commission headed by Kofi Annan, on the issue. "I think the island needs... massive infrastructure before it gets habitable", the official said.

Zeid said he was "further appalled" by reports that Myanmar authorities planting land mines along the border.

"Because Myanmar has refused access to human rights investigators, the current situation can not yet be fully assessed, but the situation seems a textbook example of ethnic cleansing", he said. India is implementing measures to deport Rohingyas; about 40,000 Rohingyas have migrated to India with only 16,000 of them receiving refugee documentation. Some say they were attacked by Buddhist mobs. Three Rohingya are reported to have been killed by a mine near the border.

"They should remember, Buddha, in such circumstances, Buddha (would have) definitely helped those poor Muslims".

Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar's de facto leader, is facing mounting criticism for failing to protect the Rohingya.

Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya have arrived in Bangladesh in recent weeks after violence flared in neighbouring Myanmar, where the stateless minority has endured decades of persecution.

Beginning on August 25 and rapidly escalating ever since, Burma's security forces have conducted disproportionate and indiscriminate attacks against Rohingya Muslims, conflating the unlawful and deadly acts of a few with the overwhelmingly peaceful population now fleeing for its life. Rakhine Buddhists, feeling unsafe after the upsurge in fighting, are moving south to the state's capital, Sittwe, where Buddhists are a majority and have greater security.

The impact of ARSA's move is unclear, but it does not appear to have been able to put up significant resistance against the military force unleashed in Rakhine state, where thousands of homes have been burned down and dozens of villages destroyed.

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