Scientists excited by discovery of ice mountain below the surface of Mars

Mars captured by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope.                  Space Telescope Science Institute

Mars captured by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. Space Telescope Science Institute

The study proposes that during periods of Martian history when the planet was tilted more like 35°, and the poles were hotter than today, snow fell on Mars. In 2008, researchers even captured a full-scale avalanche on Mars as it plunged down a 2,300-foot slope into a valley.

The discovery is very exciting: cliffs seem to be the face of glaciers hundreds of meters deep and composed of water ice.

The exposed deposit of water ice is more than 100 meters thick.

Scientists have discovered vast deposits of water ice on Mars, prompting calls for future study and improving the chances of possible habitability of the Red Planet.

Similar to ice cores recovered from the Earth's surface, these ice sheets may preserve a record of ice deposition and past climate on Mars. Lead author of the study Colin Dundas of the U.S. Geological Survey's Astrogeology Science Center in Flagstaff said that although he is not familiar with the resource extraction technology, but the discovery can prove to be beneficial for future crewed missions to Mars.

The group considered eight scarps - the precarious regions where the ice is uncovered - by utilizing high-determination pictures taken by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

Scientists point out that the hidden ice sheets could pave the way for supporting life on Mars.

There are plans to get humans to Mars by the 2030s.

In 2011, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter sent back images of unusual dark streaks on some slopes of Mars, news that reverberated throughout the scientific community, many members of which postulated that the geological feature could be a sign of flowing water. Dundas says ice at the surface is changing from strong into vapor, making the inclines fall and turn out to be additionally uncovered.

"There's unquestionably some measure of tidy and flotsam and jetsam in it, and there can be little measures of salts or different things too, yet what we're seeing at the scarps are predominately ice", he includes.

Scientists have discovered big ice sheets just below the surface of Mars. Also in 2016, scientists assessed evidence of one ice deposit around the middle latitudes of the Red Planet using a radar aboard a NASA spacecraft orbiting Mars, which holds as much water as Lake Superior. "A check of the surface temperature using Odyssey's Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) camera helped researchers determine they're not seeing just thin frost covering the ground", explains NASA on their website.

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