Today's Google Doodle Honors the Creator of the Apgar Scale

Google doodle celebrates Dr Virginia Apgar the doctor behind unique newborn score

Google doodle celebrates Dr Virginia Apgar the doctor behind unique newborn score

Even before she developed the Apgar Score, Dr. Apgar had already become the first female full professor at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Dr. Virginia Apgar remains an important figure in neonatology to this day, due to the standardised method that she created to assess a newborn baby's health continuing to be used. Dr Apgar developed the score in 1952 to quantify the effect of obstetric anaesthesia on babies.

Dr Virginia Apgar was an American obstetrical anesthetist, who may not be popular in the United Kingdom, but she has done a notable contribution in obstetrics, a type of medicine and surgery targeted for the childbirth and midwifery. Google celebrates her 109 birthday and wants to make her story known everywhere on the internet. Apgar is also known for her work "Is My Baby All Right?".

Virginia Apgar was born on June 7, 1909.

The test can be performed by a doctor, midwife, or nurse to examine the baby's breathing effort, heart rate, muscle tone, reflexes and skin colour.

This inheritance motivated her to study zoology, chemistry and physiology before attending Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and obtaining a medical degree in 1933. Before she turned 30, she had founded the Division of Anesthesia at Columbia University.

The scores for the five categories are then compiled and an infant with a 10 would be in the best possible condition. The test is given within the first five minutes after birth and helps doctors determine which infants need medical care.

Apger won man many awards for her contribution in the fields of medicine and science and was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame, in NY in 1995. Born and raised in Westfield, New Jersey to a musical family, she was the youngest of the three children. Scores 7 and above are generally normal, whereas 4 to 6 are considered fairly low, and 3 and below are generally regarded as critically low. "A Guide to Birth Defects" published in collaboration with Joan Beck. She devised a test for evaluating the health of newborns, focusing on five factors with the helpful mnemonic device of the first letters of each factor spelling her last name: appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration.

She never married and died of cirrhosis of the liver on August 7, 1974.

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